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HomeBank LoanDistinction Between Secured and Unsecured Mortgage

Distinction Between Secured and Unsecured Mortgage


The availability of credit facilities enables us to turn our dreams into reality. However, everything comes with a cost, and so do our desires and needs. The cost of turning them into reality comes in the form of debt. People need debt for numerous reasons, such as to go abroad for higher studies, to buy a new house or a new car, for a grand wedding, and the list goes on.

A loan is a type of debt taken by an individual or other entity. The lender—usually a corporation, financial institution, or government—advances a sum of money to the borrower. In return, the borrower agrees to a certain set of terms, including any finance charges, interest, repayment date, and other conditions. Loans and other financing methods

available to consumers generally fall under two main categories: secured and unsecured debt.

When you are seeking to borrow money, you have to choose whether to opt for a secured loan or an unsecured loan. If you are wondering what is the difference between the two – read on to find out.

Secured Loans

Secured loans are personal or business loans requiring some type of collateral. A lender can request collateral for large loans for which the money is being used to purchase a specific asset or in cases where your credit scores aren’t sufficient to qualify for an unsecured loan. Secured loans may allow borrowers to enjoy lower interest rates, as they present a lower risk to lenders.

The Benefits You Can Avail of Secured Loans are –

  • Lower interest rates because banks can rely on the fact they’ve collateral as security, which is equal to the loan amount or even exceeds that. Banks will lend with lower interest if they know that their investment in you is protected.
  • Larger loan amounts are approved as the bank’s liability, and risks are reduced substantially. The lender will approve loan amounts that are as close to your collateral’s value, leaving no room for their potential loss.
  • Flexible repayment tenure to suit your ability to pay. You can choose to repay your loan faster, with chunkier EMIs for a shorter period, or choose to pay smaller amounts over a longer period. The choice is yours, as long as the collateral asset is yours.

Advantages of Unsecured Loan are: Now, we shall discuss the disadvantages of secured loans.

Disadvantages of Secured Loans:

  • Living in Debt: If, in any case, you’re unable to repay the loan on time, your collateral will be seized. Even after that, if your debt is not cleared, you’ll be doomed to a life where all your income will go straight to the bank. More often than not, you’ll be paying interest charges and penalty charges, and the principal amount will remain more or less the same. Can you imagine the life where the bank has taken the roof over your head, and you’re still paying them off?
  • Heavy Paperwork required: Secured loan requires a lot of paperwork. You’ll have to provide regular documents along with the documents that relate to the ownership of your asset. And there are many more disadvantages that one should be aware of before opting for a secured loan.

Unsecured Loans

A loan is provided solely based on a borrower’s creditworthiness without pledging any collateral as security in the event of default or non-payment is called an unsecured loan. It is also called a personal loan and is generally provided to borrowers with high credit ratings and stable income. The personal loan interest can be fixed or vary on the underlying base rate. It also possesses some merits and demerits.

Advantages of Unsecured Loan are:

  • No collateral required: Unsecured loans don’t require the borrower to pledge any collateral as a security to the lending institution.
  • Less Stringent Eligibility criteria: Getting an unsecured loan wouldn’t be a hassle as long as you’ve good credit history. You have to provide supporting documents that prove your eligibility, and the loan will be processed.
  • Quick Approval of Loans: The documentation is very minimal for unsecured loans, and there is no time-consuming paperwork involved. All the documents can be submitted online, and the loan is processed within a very short period of time.

Disadvantages of Unsecured Loan are:

  • Lesser Loan Amount: As it does not require any collateral to approve the loan, lenders or banks make sure that the loan is repayable. That’s why they offer small loan amounts.
  • Requires high creditworthiness: As it does not involve any collateral as security, so it becomes pretty risky. To avoid a huge amount of loss, the lenders keep the eligibility criteria very tough, where the borrower must have an excellent credit history.
  • Higher Interest Rate: Since there is no collateral to reduce the risk of loss, this type of loan is unsecured, and therefore there is a higher rate of interest.

Differences Between Secured and Unsecured Loans

Parameter

Secured Loan

Unsecured Loan

Interest Rate

The interest rate is lower as it is backed by

collateral, and in the event of default of payment, the lender can seize the borrower’s asset.

The interest rate is higher as high risk is

involved here in the absence of any collateral

Risk Involved

The risk of default on a secured debt called the counterparty risk to

the lender tends to be relatively low since the borrower has so much more to lose by

neglecting his financial obligation.

An unsecured debt instrument like a bond

is backed only by the reliability and credit of the issuing entity, so it carries a higher level of risk than secured debt.

Loan Amount

In a secured loan, the bank offers a huge amount of loan that needs to be paid off after a definite time period along with interest.

In the case of unsecured loans, you will get a low amount of money.

Repayment Period

The period to pay off a secured loan is usually 15-30 years.

To repay an unsecured loan, the tenure period is up to 5 years.

Documentation

Heavy paperwork required.

Comparatively, less paperwork involved.

Wrapping Up

At last, to encapsulate the above-stated differences, if you need a huge amount and a longer tenure period so as to be able to manage EMIs without any financial stress, then a secured loan is a great option. You can go ahead with that. But on the other side, if you need money urgently and without having to give collateral security, you should definitely opt for an unsecured loan.

Difference Between Secured Loan and Unsecured Loan FAQs:

1. What all assets can be used as collateral for getting a secured loan?

To get a secured loan, you can use assets like your house, gold, etc., as the collateral security.

2. What is the ideal CIBIL score to be eligible for an unsecured loan?

Higher your CIBIL score, higher your chances of getting an unsecured loan. However, any score above 700 is considered good by lending institutions to approve loans.

3. If my CIBIL score is below 700, can I be eligible for a loan?

In case your CIBIL score is below 700, you can be eligible for a loan if you meet the other eligibility requirements of the lender. Also, if you can guarantee collateral, your chances of getting loan increases.

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